Monday, January 08, 2018
Thursday, August 17, 2017
|The Aedes aegypti mosquito spreads the Zika virus, as well as dengue fever and chikungunya.|
Instagram can be used to identify incorrect information about health issues and help health professionals correct misleading or incomplete information. University of Pennsylvania researchers in the September 2017 issue of Public Health showed how using keywords or hashtags public health professionals can get real-time information about public preparedness and response to diseases.
The researchers used the keyword #zika to identify 500 images posted on Instagram from May to August 2016 about public sentiment on the Zika outbreak. They found that 60% of relevant posts included misleading, incomplete or unclear information about the virus and many images (51%) expressed fear and negative sentiment.
Of the 500 images tagged with #zika, 342 (68%) contained content actually related to Zika. Of the 342 images, 299 were coded as ‘health” and 193 were coded as ‘public interest’.
Health images related mainly to transmission (43%) and prevention (48%). Transmission-related posts were more about mosquito-to-human transmission rather than human-to-human transmission. Mosquito bite prevention was more of a concern than safe sex prevention. The most targeted audience were women (36 of 38 images).
Images were coded by three reviewers who collected contextual information about sentiment, image type, content, audience, geography, reliability and engagement.
Reference: Seltzer, E.K., E. Horst-Martz, M. Lu, R.M. Merchant. (2017). Public sentiment and discourse about Zika virus on Instagram. Public Health. Vol. 150, pp. 170-175. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.07.015 Retrieved from http://www.publichealthjrnl.com/article/S0033-3506(17)30244-5/abstract
Friday, July 21, 2017
Where there is smoke, there could be fire! Wildfires can occur anywhere, any time of the year, and destroy homes, businesses, and natural resources.
According to the National Fire Protection Association’s Firewise Communities Program, more than $1.9 billion was spent on wildfire suppression in 2016.
However, you can prepare yourself, your business, and where you live in the event you may experience a wildfire emergency. Get started by:
· Watching the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s wildfire animation – When the Fire Starts.
· Reviewing your homeowner’s or renter’s insurance policy to ensure you have the adequate coverage for your property and personal belongings.
· Removing flammable items, such as firewood piles and portable propane tanks, within 30 feet of all structures and discarding any dry or dead vegetation from up to 100 feet around your home.
· Learning and practicing evacuation routes from your home or business to an area that is not affected by the wildfire. The best action to protect yourself and your family is to evacuate early and avoid being trapped.
Wildfires can occur any time of the year, but are especially prevalent during the dry season. Make sure you prepare ahead of time by checking out Prepareathon's How to Prepare for a Wildfire Guide.
Have you heard? National Parents’ Day is Sunday, July 23. In observance of this occasion, we encourage family members to help parents prepare for emergencies. Prepareathon and the Ready Campaign highlight several ways to prepare for the unexpected.
Some of these actions include:
· Creating a family emergency communication plan - Your family may not be together when disaster strikes, so it is important to plan for how you will connect with each other.
· Preparing infants and young children for emergencies - Learn the emergency plans for their daycare or school.
· Getting college-age kids Campus Ready - Gather information on the emergency procedures for their school or dorm.
· Practicing your emergency response plan - Making emergency plans is great, but practicing your plan by conducting drills will help your family’s response time when seconds count.
Disasters can be stressful for kids. Try to make emergency planning fun for children in your family. Visit www.ready.gov/kids for exciting games, quizzes, and other resources to help young children and teens understand the importance of emergency preparedness.
The 27th anniversary of the Americans with Disabilities Act is Wednesday, July 26. Individuals and caregivers for people with disabilities and others with access and functional needs are encouraged to evaluate their necessities in the event of an emergency and create an emergency plan unique to them.
The Ready campaign shares several easy ways to create an emergency plan tailored for specific needs:
· Collect information – Create a paper copy of the contact information including phone, email, and social media information for your family, friends, caregivers, neighbors and other important people or service providers.
· Share your emergency plans – Tell your employer and trusted people in your support networks where you keep your emergency supplies, what you need, and how to contact you if the power goes out.
· Practice Your Plan – Dedicate time to practice your emergency plan with your support network, just as you would with a fire drill.
For more great information on how to make your emergency plan, visit Ready’s Individuals with Disabilities page.
This information is from the FEMA's Individual and Community Preparedness e-Brief for July 20, 2017.
Posted by John Fisher at 7:14 AM
Every two weeks, the Homeland Security Digital Library identifies a targeted collection of recently-released documents of particular interest or potential importance. [Login to the HSDL is necessary to open some documents.*]
· Bad Bots: The Weaponization of Social Media
College of William and Mary; Project on International Peace and Security
· Big Data: A Twenty-First Century Arms Race
Atlantic Council of the United States. Brent Scowcroft Center on International Security; Thomson Reuters
· Fentanyl: A Briefing Guide for First Responders
United States. Drug Enforcement Administration
· How Do Education and Unemployment Affect Support for Violent Extremism?: Evidence From Eight Arab Countries
Brookings Institution. Global Economy and Development
· How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State: The Nature of the Current Threat
Washington Institute for Near East Policy
The Homeland Security Digital Library (HSDL) is the nation’s premier collection of homeland security policy and strategy related documents. It supports local, state and federal analysis and decision-making needs and assists academics of all disciplines in homeland defense and security related research. The HSDL provides quick access to thousands of important U.S. policy documents, presidential directives, and national strategy documents as well as specialized resources such as theses and research reports from various universities, organizations and local and state agencies.
*If you received this message and do not have an HSDL account, you may request one. Those with access are automatically subscribed to Critical Releases in Homeland Security.
Posted by John Fisher at 7:03 AM
Friday, July 14, 2017
Posted by John Fisher at 8:05 AM